(England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland)
is one of the most interesting countries in the world to visit.
If you want to study it is no longer possible to change your status when you have entered the country you must arrange a school and a student visa before you leave Brazil.
On arrival the immigration officers can be very tough (I know 2 good people who have been refused entry and put back on the plane by the police, one Venezuelan one USA). They are looking for people who might over stay, if you tell the truth and have firm plans like> we will be in London for 1 week then go to Edinburgh for 3 days etc.. you should be OK. There are virtually no checks inside the country or when you leave by sea to mainland Europe.
Get a Good guidebook , the ones with a lot of pictures aren`t very good, the best ones are those with a lot of information are. You could get one just for the UK or for one covering the whole of Europe. Try Lonely Planet, Let`s Go or The Rough Guides. (all available from www.amazon.com). Make sure you read it and plan before you go.
To find out about the culture you could read some books before you go. Culture Shock Britain by Terry Tan or try contempary fiction like Fever Pitch by Nick Hornby or travel experiences. The Island by The Sea by Paul Theroux or Notes From A Small Island by Bill Bryson.
may be cheaper when bought from companies
in the UK by telephone (most companies aren`t allowed to do this) but try
Firstly there is a big difference between London and the rest of the country. In fact sometimes the number of people and competition can make shopping for specialist goods cheaper. If you look around you can find some real bargains such as leather jackets for $100 only 100m away from a shop selling them for $500. Secondly you have to live differently in the UK.
No one can say that it is as cheap as India, but if you adapt it can be very affordable. When in Rome...
Expensive holiday : staying in London at a Hilton Hotel, eating steak in restaurants, smoking and drinking in pubs , visiting expensive tourist sites like Madame Tussauds, taking the train up to Edinburgh, Stratford and Oxford. (US$200 a day)
I think the first option is best you would see the real culture. The other way you would see the tourist culture.
More money saving tips - Small convenience stores are usually more expensive than big supermarkets. Kwik Save is normally the cheapest. Look for discount shelves at the back and white label goods which are usually the same as the big brands, but cheaper. Markets sell off the food really cheaply after 5pm. You can get very cheap used clothing from the many charity shops.
As soon as you arrive get a copy
of TNT Magazine
free from boxes on the street in central London every week. It has some
tourist information, lots of job listings and at the back all the contact
numbers of the best value accomodation. The
best place to change money is next door to American Express outside Victoria
When people say Enland they don`t usually mean England they mean the whole country of the UK or Britain. England is just one of the 4 states. There are two big Islands > Great Britain and Ireland. There used to be lots of little kingdoms then about 1500 years ago, there was a King for the country of England and shortly after that he became king of Wales too. About 350 years ago the King Of England died; he didn`t have any children and his nearest relative was the King of Scotland. So he came down to be king of the whole country. At around the same time England had control of Ireland, but 100 years ago the south became a separate country. So that is why the country is called the United Kingdom Of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
- About 450 years ago King Henry VIII couldn`t get a divorce from the Catholic
Church so he created his own Anglo Protestant Church. Because Ireland joined
the country later most of the people there were Catholic. But after a war
with France the government couldn`t pay the soldiers so it gave them land
in the north of Ireland. The Catholics in Ireland didn`t want to be governed
from England so about 100 years ago terrorism started in Ireland with the
creation of The Irish Republican Army IRA. The government gave in and had
a referendum. The Protestants were a majority in the north and voted to
stay with England so the country was divided; the south became a separate
country called Eire.
The People Because the country was first invaded by so many groups of people it had a diverse culture. Then it went out and controlled lots of other countries and brought back lots of aspects of there cultures, some things like tea and words like bungalow. After The 1945 war a lot of immigrants came in from the old colonies to rebuild the economy. 95% of people say that they are white, 2 million people claim to be Muslim. Most ethnic groups live in cities like London.
5000 years ago there weren`t many people in Europe then the Celts came from Asia. They usually had black hair. The Romans took control of most of the country 2000 years ago, but only for 250 years. Then the Vikings came across from Scandinavia, then the Saxons from Germany. There was a Saxon King of England called Harold, but William the conqueror came over from France and took control. He was the first Norman king, later came the Tudors, then the Stuarts and then The Windsors. The countries of most of the old colonies belong to a group called the Commonwealth and the Queen is still head of state of all of them.