When people say England they don`t usually mean England they mean the whole country of the UK or Britain. England is just one of the 4 ____. There are two big Islands > Great Britain and Ireland. There ____ to be lots of little kingdoms then about 1500 years ago, there was a King for the country of England and ____ after that he became king of Wales too. About 350 years ago the King Of England ____; he didn`t have any children and his nearest relative was the King of Scotland. So he came down to be king of the ____ country. At around the same time England had ____of Ireland, but 100 years ago the south became a seperate country. So that is why the country is ____ the United Kingdom Of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland - About 450 years ago King Henry VIII couldn`t get a divorce from the Catholic Church so he created his own Anglo Protestant Church. Because Ireland joined the country later most of the people there were Catholic. But after a war with France the government couldn`t pay the soldiers so it gave them land in the north of Ireland. The Catholics in Ireland didn`t want to be governed from England so about 100 years ago terrorism started in Ireland with the creation of The Irish Republican Army IRA. The government gave in and had a referendum. The Protestants were a majority in the north and voted to stay with England so the country was divided; the south became a separate country called Eire.
After the The 1945 war there was still a ____ in Northern Ireland, because 30 % of the ________ were Catholic and they still faced a lot of discrimination; so the new Provisional IRA was formed. The Protestants in turn formed their own terrorist groups. The government could not give Northern Ireland to Eire because it would ____ more problems from the Protestant terrorists. It sent ________ to keep the peace between the two groups. Over the last 30 years more than 2000 people have died due to the terrorism, but __ ______ of the drama created by TV, Northern Ireland was ____ safer than American cities like Washington DC . Most people care about ________ they have a job or not more than about the name of the country.
The situation is very complex, but over time things have changed; for the last 20 years it has been illegal to disciminate on grounds of sex, race or religion in the UK. (you can only advertise for a barperson, not for example for a black, catholic barmaid). So in 1998 both sides agreed to a long peace process which began with a parliament for Northern Ireland. There will be parliaments in Scotland and Wales in 1999, though there is no parliament for England
|The People Because the country
was first ________by so many groups of people
it had a ________culture. Then it went out
and controlled lots of other countries and ________
back lots of ________ of their cultures, some
things like tea and words like bungalow. After The 1945 war a lot of immigrants
came in from the old colonies to rebuild the ________.
95% of people say that they are white, 2 million people claim to be Muslim.
Most ethnic groups live in cities like London.
5000 years ago there weren`t many people in Europe then the Celts came from Asia. They usually had black hair. The Romans took control of most of the country 2000 years ago, but only for 250 years. Then the Vikings came across from Scandinavia, then the Saxons from Germany. There was a Saxon King of England called Harold, but William the conqueror came over from France and took control. He was the first Norman king, later came the Tudors, then the Stuarts and then The Windsors. The countries of most of the old colonies belong to a group called the Commonwealth and the Queen is still head of state of all of them.